25 Segregation & Separate But Equal - Center Point-Urbana Community School District

25 Segregation & Separate But Equal

 

Learning Targets:

What are you learning?   I can describe what segregation or "Jim Crow" laws  look like. 

Why are you learning it?   To understand what the civil rights movement was about. 

How will you know when you have learned it?  When you can describe  three examples of segregation or "Jim Crow" laws. 


 

Where did the phrase "Jim Crow Law" come from? 

The term Jim Crow originates back to 1828 when a white New York comedian, Thomas Dartmouth “Daddy” Rice, performed in blackface his song and dance that he called Jump Jim Crow.  Rice’s performance was supposedly inspired by the song and dance of a physically disabled black man he had seen in Cincinnati, Ohio, named Jim Cuff or Jim Crow.  The song became a huge hit in the 19th century and Thomas Rice performed it across the country as “Daddy Jim Crow,” a caricature of a shabbily dressed African American man.

Jump Jim Crow initiated a new form of popular music and theatrical performances in the United States that focused their attention on the mockery of African Americans.  This new genre was called the minstrel show.  Jim Crow as entertainment spread rapidly across the United States in the years prior to the Civil War and eventually around the world.  

Eventually the term Jim Crow was applied to the body of racial segregation laws and practices throughout the nation.  As early as 1837 the term Jim Crow was used to describe racial segregation in Vermont.  Most of these laws, however, emerged in the southern and border states of the United States between the years 1876 and 1965.  They mandated the separation of the races and separate and unequal status for African Americans.  The most important Jim Crow laws required that public schools, public accommodations, and public transportation, including buses and trains, have separate facilities for whites and blacks.  The facilities established for African Americans were always far inferior to whites,   These laws also generated a decades-long struggle for equal rights.

 

 


African Americans and other minorities did not have the legal right to go to the same schools as whites, eat in the same restaurants, and live in the same neighborhoods as whites until 1954. Even then in some southern states, segregation - being kept apart because of your race or religion or gender did not start stopping until the United States Civil Rights Act of 1965.  

 


Practice 2 - Alone work: Make a copy of the  Separate but Equal Slide Show. Share it with LSunseri.  Follow the directions on each slide. 

 

 


  Practice 3 - Alone Work:   Make a copy of the following document.  Write a paragraph and PRINT it off. Put your name on it and hand it in after you do all the activities. 

 

After you finish Practice 2 and Practice 3 you may quietly relax. 

 

 

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